LASIK Laser assisted insitu keratomileusis is the most common refractive proceedure performed due to it being able to safely correct high amounts of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism, with minimal recovery discomfort, and a fast return to normal vision. Lasik involves using a laser to create a flap on the corneal surface which is carefully lifted while another laser reshapes the underlying corneal tissue and finally the flap is gently placed back into position. Recovery time is around 5 days and a temporary dryness of the eyes is commonly experienced.
SMILE SMILE uses a more complex laser technique that causes minimal disruption to the cornea. It is best suited to moderate myopia and has a minimal amount of recovery time with a high amount of corneal integrity being maintained and causes minimal dry eye symptoms.
PRK Photorefractive keratectomy can correct moderate myopia and mild astigmatism and generally is a lower cost option. PRK involves using a laser to resurface the cornea after the very top layer of corneal tissue is removed and the cornea is allowed to slowly regenerate the natural top surface once more. PRK has a slower recovery time over a few months some discomfort and dryness is experienced.
ICL Implantable collamer lenses are speciality collamer lenses that are placed into the eye in front of the natural lens through a tiny hidden incision. Recovery time is extremely quick and this proceedure can be done with a very wide range of high powered lenses.